December 3: International Day of Persons with Disabilities

December 3 - 2018 by Maria Fernanda

dia de las personas discapacitadas

Disability is a condition that affects the standard of living of an individual or a group. The term is used to define a physical or mental impairment, such as sensory, cognitive or intellectual disability, mental illness or various types of chronic diseases.

People with disabilities, the "largest minority in the world", tend to have fewer economic opportunities, worse access to education and higher poverty rates. This is mainly due to the lack of services that can facilitate their lives (such as access to information or transportation) and because they have fewer resources to defend their rights. To these daily obstacles are added social discrimination and the lack of adequate legislation to protect the disabled.

People with disabilities are more often victims of violence: children with disabilities are four times more likely to be victims of violence, the same proportion as adults with mental problems. Ignorance is largely responsible for the stigmatization and discrimination suffered by people with disabilities.

The inclution:

The accessibility and inclusion of people with disabilities are fundamental rights recognized by the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

They are the conditions without which they can not enjoy their other rights. The Convention calls for people with disabilities to lead an independent life and participate actively in the development of society. Requests States to take the appropriate measures to give them full access to daily activity and eliminate all obstacles to their integration.

Highlights of People with Disabilities:

- World population: seven billion people.

- More than one billion suffer some type of disability (one in seven).

- More than one hundred million disabled people are children.

- Children with disabilities are four times more likely to be victims of some type of violence.

- 80% of people with disabilities live in developing countries.

- 50% of people with disabilities do not have access to healthcare.

- 160 países han firmado la Convención sobre los Derechos de las Personas con Discapacidad.

- Motor difficulty is the most common cause of disability, followed by vision and hearing impairments.

- Regarding sex, women are slightly more affected than men (51.5% vs. 48.5%).

Why is the International Day for Persons with Disabilities celebrated?

December 3 is the International Day of Persons with Disabilities, a date to ensure the rights of individuals around the world who pursue a more inclusive world. In 1992, the General Assembly of the United Nations proclaimed the 3rd of December International Day of Persons with Disabilities to promote greater integration in society of people with disabilities. 153 countries have signed the Convection on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

Today there is a total of 15% of the world's population that lives with some type of disability. That is why it is so important to be able to integrate these individuals and get them to have a normal life promoting equal opportunities. And with this idea comes the International Day of people with disabilities, so they can have a full life and limit as much as possible the barriers of all kinds that they encounter on a daily basis, ranging from social to architectural.

Licda. María Fernanda Umaña, TO Sales consultant

Seeing a person improve their quality of life is their great passion.

Location: San José, Costa Rica Contact
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